An application of a soluble iron product, such as iron sulfate or a commercial chelated iron, in between fertilizer applications, will enhance the green color without encouraging growth. Overseed a Thin Lawn. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Most areas of South Carolina receive enough rainfall during the winter to avoid winter desiccation of lawns. Pre-emergent herbicides create a barrier that keep weed seeds from germinating. I think I’ll use the bag in the mower this time, just in case. Apply a post-emergent herbicide as needed to control existing winter weeds. The irrigation system should only be run when the entire lawn is dry. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. A second application is needed approximately 8 to 10 weeks after the initial application to give season long control of annual warm-season weeds. Always mow with a sharp blade using a mulching type mower, which leaves the clippings to decompose on the turf. However, there can be exceptions. The irrigation interval will vary from site to site depending on the environmental conditions at that site and soil type. Assuming the sticks I have ARE seeds pockets, I like the theory that seeds come out of healthy grass. A: You can’t buy St. Augustinegrass seed. Research has shown that an early season insecticide application after the turfgrass has greened-up will reduce the late season activity. Not so fast, tallylassie, St. Augustinegrass seeds have high germination, over 70% in my experience. I’d like to know because if they are seeds for anything else I’ll make sure to bag the clippings when I mow this weekend, tallahassee lassie – posted 12 May 2005 10:22. Potassium, typically known as potash, may be applied to enhance winter hardiness if a recent soil test indicates low to medium levels of potassium. Things To Do When Saint Augustine Lawns Begin Seeding. Apply an insecticide to reduce the population and reduce further turf damage. Mole crickets and grub eggs will usually hatch mid-summer. It is not unusual for St. Augustinegrass to green up and be burnt back several times during the late winter or early spring due to late season frosts. What makes commercial seed production unprofitable are several factors, such as the difficulty of processing the seeds (the spikelets are embedded in sockets in a corky rachis), their slow “take” in competitive situations, and the fact that any seed produced from a vegetative planting will be all inbred seed, with depressed vigor. You cannot let it dry … Do not mow the lawn 3 days prior or 2 days after application. These combinations are found either as a seed mixture, or a seed blend. See HGIC 1211, St. Augustinegrass for additional information on care and cultivar selection. However, in the piedmont and midlands of SC where the turf is growing on clay soils, St. Augustinegrass is typically fertilized only twice during the growing season (early May and early July). It may take several years to make a large pH change. Apply 5 lbs of pelletized sulfur per 1000 square feet of turf. Producing a yearly maintenance calendar for managing turfgrass consistently year after year can be difficult in a state with such a diverse climate as South Carolina. There are several ways to determine when the lawn needs watering. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier. Plant St. Augustine grass during summer Being a warm-season turfgrass, St. Augustine grows best during summer. On first signs of seeding, apply these lawn care tips to your Saint Augustine lawn: See HGIC 1652, Soil Testing for instructions on how to properly submit a soil sample. Weed Control: To control crabgrass, goosegrass, sandspurs, and other summer annual weeds, apply a pre-emergent herbicide early in the year. Dull mower blades rip rather than cut the grass and make the grass more susceptible to diseases. Insect Control: Cold winter temperatures will help usually keep insect problems at bay. Get free shipping on qualified St. Augustine Grass Seed or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Outdoors Department. In 3 months, recheck the soil pH and see what change was made. Find St. Augustine grass & grass seed at Lowe's today. If the damage is minimal, monitor the activity and wait before applying an insecticide. The mower blade needs to be sharpened on a regular basis – usually about once a month or at least before the growing season starts. With warm temperatures through September and the possibility of excessive rainfall that may occur during that period, diseases can increase rapidly. Sharpen the mower blade monthly or as needed during the growing season. The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. That's the reason you will not find seeds available. It combines grass seed, fertilizer, and a soil improver into an easy-to-use product that’s applied using a spreader. Overall, proper water management, fertilization, mowing height, and thatch control are essential to curtail large patch and gray leaf spot problems. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1218 | Published: Aug 31, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). Follow label directions as to post application watering. How to Plant St. Augustine Grass However, fertilizers containing nitrogen should not be applied during this period. Nutrient Deficiencies: A yellow appearance during the growing season may indicate an iron deficiency due to excessive phosphorus and/or a high soil pH. Need help…live in DFW sodded Palmetto S/A last year looked great…over seeded Winter Rye…mow yard looks awful. The date of initial turf green-up can be quite variable. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove the dead material left from winter dormancy… Not true. Mowing:Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. In general, do not apply post-emergent herbicides to the lawn once the turf begins to green. St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), also known as buffalo turf in Australia and buffalo grass in South Africa, is a warm-season lawn grass that is popular for cultivation in tropical and subtropical regions. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. When the turf begins to dry, it will appear to have a bluish hue. Early Summer (May): Apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in early May after the lawn fully greens up. However, an early spring warm-up can lead to both mole cricket and chinch bug activity. For more information on white grub management, see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. Irrigation: During dormancy, water the lawn to prevent excessive dehydration. St Augustine will produce seedheads but the seeds don’t grow. This will help to correct problems associated with poor infiltration and drainage. Shop grass & grass seed and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. St. Augustinegrass is sensitive to certain herbicides, such as 2,4-D, not only during spring green-up, but also during hot summer temperatures. For more information on mole cricket or chinch bug control, see HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass or HGIC 2487, Chinch Bugs. I have observed and counted large numbers of emerged St. Augustinegrass seedlings following sod harvest of some varieties (but not Floratam), and the numbers of seedlings are proportional to the seed production per unit area. A soil probe can be used to monitor soil moisture. The addition of phosphorous, the middle number in the fertilizer analysis, should only be applied if recommended by a soil test. If either of these insects was a problem early in the season, apply an insecticide during mid-July to control the younger immature insects. For more information on weed control, see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns. For more information, refer to HGIC 1204, Lawn Renovation. Approximate application times are mid-February in the coastal and central areas and mid-March in the piedmont/mountain areas. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove the dead material left from winter dormancy. Monitor the lawn on a regular basis to assess the need for irrigation. tallahassee lassie – posted 12 May 2005 12:35, Hmmmmmm,I guess I have learned something today.I grow several types of St.Augustine,but have never noticed that happen.I am going to observe my varieties closer to see.Any publications to support this?Thought it all was sterile.I have noticed the seed heads seem to be produced by the healthier grass.Thanks. I contacted Dr. Richard Duble, Turfgrass Specialist and Professor for A&M and he writes: "seedstalks are not that uncommon in the summer. This turfgrass maintenance calendar may be used on turf grown throughout the state; however, management practices may need to be adjusted based on the year’s climate and the region where the turf is grown. When to Plant St. Augustine Grass St. Augustine grass grows best in the warmth of spring and summer, when high temperatures are normally 80-100 °F. Aerification: Core aeration is the process of punching small holes into the turf and soil to alleviate compaction, allowing air to get to the root system. South Florida Turfgrass Field Day and Expo. St. Augustine grass spreads both by rhizomes and stolons, meaning that it sends out runners both above and below ground. Mowing: Continue to mow St. Augustinegrass at the normal mowing height until the weather starts to cool in the fall. St. Augustinegrass will grow best at a pH of 6 to 6.5. Scotts EZ Patch Lawn Repair For St. Augustine Lawns - 3.75 lb., Ready-to-use Mulch, and Fertilizer Lawn Repair, Repairs St. Augustinegrass, Does Not Contain Grass Seeds… St. Augustine grass goes dormant when soil temperatures dip down to 55℉ (12℃). The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. At this point, a fungicide application will be needed. Lime or sulfur may also be added if a soil test indicates a need. Please see HGIC 2151, Gray Leaf Spot on St. Augustinegrass. The best way to install a St. Augustine grass lawn is to purchase grass sod from a high-quality sod dealer like Houston Grass South. If your cool-season lawn seems thin, fall is a great time to thicken it by overseeding before winter arrives. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. If the bag is picking up soil, mainly sand, when the lawn is mowed, then the blade may need to be sharpened more often than once a month. St. Augustine grass spreads rapidly and aggressively via above-ground stolons, or runners. St. Augustine varieties are available in sod, sprigs or plugs only. However, as the soil temperatures start to climb, the yellowing should slowly go away. Selective herbicides may be applied in the winter for control of annual bluegrass and other winter annual weeds. However, St. Augustine grass can do better than Bermuda in low light conditions. For more information, see fact sheets: HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass; HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass; HGIC 2488, Two-lined Spittlebug; HGIC 2157, Bermudagrass Mite, Rhodesgrass Mealybug, & Groundpearl; and HGIC 2487, Chinch Bugs. As for the type of care St. Augustine grass needs, this warm-season grass likes moisture and should be watered deeply. This is especially important if warm, bright days preceed days forecasted to be in the low 20’s or colder. Helps repair St. Augustinegrass 60% faster - Results 15 days after application vs. untreated control. “Keep it wet,” Orr says. St. Augustinegrass lawns should receive 2 to 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per growing season, per 1000 square feet of turf. For more information on thatch removal, see HGIC 2360, Controlling Thatch In Lawns. Fertilization: Do not apply nitrogen at this time. Is it TARR or just bad idea of Winter Rye? This is best done before the first frost. Gardeners enjoy this grass type for its compressed grass blades that contribute a dense texture for lawns. 3 steps to success: prep, apply, water. Once a lawn is prepared, St. Augustine grass seed is planted at a rate of 1/3 to ½ pound per 1,000 square feet in early spring or late summer. St. Augustine grass is a type of warm season grass that is popularly grown in the southern regions of the United States. A soil test will help determine if a fertilizer containing phosphorous is required. Fertilizing with a micronutrient fertilizer, such as manganese sulfate, can alleviate manganese deficiencies. Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks from the coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. For more information on weed control, see HGIC 2310, Managing Weeds in Warm Season Lawns. Copyright © 2020 Phil Busey Agronomy Consulting Inc. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Paspalum grass for lawn | Walter Reeves: The Georgia Gardener, Identification and History of Bitterblue St. Augustine – Turfgrass Producers of Florida, Identification and History of Bitterblue St. Augustinegrass. If the soil stays saturated all winter, this can cause many other problems. St. Augustine Grass Bermuda Grass; It requires at least 5 hours of direct sunlight to grow and thrive really well. If the turf stays wet, circular yellow to brown areas may begin to develop and slowly grow in size. This is especially important if warm, bright days proceed days forecasted to be in the low 20’s or below. seed – posted 12 May 2005 12:18. Circle C Farms, Inc. 7.8. See HGIC 1201, Fertilizing Lawns for more information. However, if a pre-emergent herbicide was applied late February to mid-March, postpone any cultivation practices that will disturb the soil until just before the next pre-emergent herbicide application date. It is my goal to have just one type of grass, preferably the St. Augustine since it appears to be the one covering the most area.I couldn’t mow it for the last 3 weeks and now I have these sort of sticks everywhere that appear to come from the St. Augustine stolons. Be aware, it could take several months for lime and sulfur applications to affect the soil pH. Granular herbicides must be watered into the soil soon after application. Winter desiccation can be a problem during dry winters. Palmetto St. Augustine Grass Plugs / Box of 72. Take a look at the video below to see the process of how farmers sprig warm season grasses using slabs of sod. Do not use a power rake with a 1-inch blade spacing, as severe turf injury may result. Disease Control: For disease control, especially large patch, it is extremely important to treat with fungicides during the fall months. Mowing: The ideal mowing height for St. Augustinegrass can range from 2½ to 4 inches depending on the specific site and management regime and is best determined by the growing conditions. The added moisture in the soil will help keep the growing points of the turf warmer, preventing crown death. In most southern climates, St. Augustine grass is the coveted turf of choice, while Bermuda grass is an invasive nuisance. In my case the sections with them are very dense. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. To help reduce disease problems, fertilize and lime St. Augustinegrass according to a recent soil test report. In the coastal and more Southern regions of South Carolina, this generally will occur sometime during April, but further inland, this may be as late as mid-May. Starting a lawn with St. Augustine grass seed requires the same preparation as any other lawn seed. Later, the center of the circle may start to re-green. Heavy populations can be reduced with appropriately timed insecticide treatments during this period. If a pre-emergent herbicide was not applied in the spring, the resulting weeds will need to be controlled using postemergent herbicides. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Sod farms loves pushing this because incentives matter; if you buy… Monitor the turf on a regular basis during the growing season, especially during hot, dry periods. During periods of environmental stress due to high temperatures or a lack of rainfall, raise the mowing height ½ to 1 inch until the stress is eliminated. Mid-summer (June through July): Fertilize with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, depending on soil type, using a high potassium fertilizer such as 15-0-15. There are horticultural books that say St. Augustinegrass is propagated vegetatively because it produces no seed. Need help: Weed control for ornamental perennial peanut (rhizomes type)? Clay soils, however, will hold moisture for a longer period of time. One way is to observe the lawn daily. Results may vary. If grubs (the white larvae of beetles, such as Japanese beetles) have been a problem in previous years, monitor them by cutting a square foot piece of sod on three sides and peeling it back. Houston Grass South distributes St. Augustine, Bermuda and Zoysia grass sod grown on our family farm in Bay City, TX, where we’ve been growing top-quality grass for more than 30 years. Each pest problem has its own management strategy and is usually handled with cultural and chemical controls. St. Augustine grass is commonly planted in the Gulf Coast areas of the United States. However, this is not always the case. “People get stingy with the water, especially when people are clamoring about a water shortage or drought time, and they’ll cut back on the water. Sometimes St. Augustine grass will produce these seed heads. Be sure to use a sharpened mower blade. Once the threat for spring frost has passed and the lawn is fully greened-up, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate soil compaction and thatch problems. That said, other weeds do produce seeds that grow, and it can be hard to tell the difference from a mower. ANSWER: St. Augustine grass does not generally produce viable seeds like other types of grasses do. Scotts® Turf Builder® Thick’R Lawn™ is specially designed to turn weak, thin grass into a thicker, greener lawn. 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