Nov 28, 2018 - Here are some facts around hedgehogs and information about hedgehogs. Blood-sucking ticks are often found on hedgehogs and after taking their fill of blood, will drop off the host in order to complete their life cycle. These cookies do not store any personal information. Habitat: Grassland, hedgerows, woodland and meadows This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Evidence suggests this decline is most severe in rural areas and hogs are actually faring better in … Choose a period of relatively warm, damp weather and ensure that plenty of dry nesting material is available for the hedgehog to build a winter nest and hibernate. The Latin word for hedgehogs is Erinaceus and our own British hedgehog is scientifically known as Erinaceus europaeus; it is the same species that occurs throughout most of the continent of Europe. Diet: Carnivore Discover amazing facts about all your favourite animals! These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. There are 15 different species of hedgehog, found across Europe, Asia and Africa. 15 hedgehog facts for kids. Here are some of the fascinating things that your little ones might to hear about. They are widespread throughout mainland Britain. Photo Credit: Instagram 2. If in doubt keep your dog on a lead when it goes out into the garden when its dark. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The good news is hedgehog fleas are host specific and will not infest your cat or dog. What to do if you've found a sick or injured hedgehog Keep the pond level topped up so that hedgehogs can reach the wire. Recent surveys show that hedgehog numbers declined by approximately a third between 2002 and 2012 and sightings fell by 4 percent just in 2014. The BHPS has a leaflet, Caring for Hoglets, available from the address below or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. […], 23 university campuses are now more hedgehog friendly! About. The body of adult hedgehogs ranges from 14 to 30 centimetres long, and their tail can add one to six centimetres. Hedgehogs are often killed by manmade influences, such as in ponds, bonfires, on roads, by strimmers and lawnmowers, pesticides, garden netting and litter. The hedgehog’s sly and crafty nature is also seen in a Mongolian folktale known as The Clever Little Hedgehog .This tale involves three friends – a wolf, a fox, and a hedgehog, who compete for the right to eat a plum that fell off from a sack of a passing caravan. Hedgehog […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 3rd – 9th May 2020 and hedgehoggy events are being organised all around the country! If it is necessary to remove fleas from a hedgehog, then a commercially prepared powder suitable for caged birds can be dusted amongst the spines (taking care to avoid the eyes of the animal) as an adequate treatment, but do not use on very young hedgehogs. 1. Hedgehogs have a trick up their, errr, “sleeve” to give themselves extra protection – “self anointing.” These amazing animals are immune to certain poisonous plants, which they eat before making a frothy saliva in their mouth. NEVER COW’S MILK. Once hibernating provide dry foods so should the hedgehog wake it will have food and water available. who have encountered these animals  ‘at table’ will testify; but what do they actually eat? Hedgehogs are inquisitive and will try to eat almost anything, a trait that can lead to their undoing. Release in late April when food is more plentiful or when the wild hedgehogs are seen coming out of hibernation. The best ways of assisting hedgehogs are by helping them avoid man-made hazards and providing them with suitable places to nest, especially in the winter. These cute critters depend on their spines for defense, both while they sleep and when they face enemies. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! Top 10 facts about hedgehogs TODAY is the 150th anniversary of the birth of Beatrix Potter, so here are some facts about hedgehogs in honour of her creation of Mrs Tiggy-Winkle. In Britain it is found almost everywhere except some of the Scottish Islands, but tends to be scarce or absent from wet areas and pine forests. Having been attracted by the remaining contents, hedgehogs have been found with their heads stuck in tins, yoghurt pots and plastic cups. Then check out our adorable hedgehog facts…. To save hedgehogs, we must understand them….. Over a third of hedgehogs have been lost since the millennium. Britain has hedgehogs too. Uplands and mountainsides are not popular, probably because they lack both suitable food and suitable nesting places. Weight: Up to 1.1kg The hedgehog is the most easily recognised of British mammals yet they are steadily disappearing from the wild. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add Hedgehog Facts for Kids Hedgehogs can live up to 6 years in the wild. hedgehogs are so cute and are very interesting! Whilst these cool creatures mainly stay on the ground, they are quite good swimmers and can climb trees, too! By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. Most people are aware that hedgehogs are basically insect eaters. Mostly nocturnal creatures, they head out at night in search of food – but they are sometimes active during the day, too, particularly after it rains. Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Taxon: Eulipotyphla Hedgehog Red List Classification: GB: Vulnerable England: Vulnerable Scotland: Vulnerable Wales: Vulnerable Global: Least Concern General fact sheet (click to download) Field sign fact sheet (click to download) Habitat: Urban & gardens, grassland, mixed woodland, heathland, arable land. Here are a few interesting facts on hedgehogs that might just surprise you. It sometimes licks its spines, smearing them with its foamy saliva. "Hedgehog" stems from the 1450 with "heyghoge" - found in hedgerows with a pig-like snout. Other Dangers – Hedgehogs can become entangled in tennis and other nets, causing death by starvation. The number of hedgehogs living in the British countryside has plummeted by more than half since 2000, according to a new report. Ready? Provide an escape route, eg a sloping plank, or cover the holes so hedgehogs do not become trapped. They root through hedges and other undergrowth in search of their favourite food – small creatures such as insects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and snakes. See BHPS leaflet ‘Into the Wild’. In the 1950s it was estimated there were 36.5 million hedgehogs in Britain, but this was based on limited data and was probably an overestimate. Are you lucky enough to have a hedgehog visiting your garden? Here are some facts about hedgehogs. Always try alternative methods – see BHPS leaflet on ‘Creating a Wildlife Garden’. If absolutely necessary, pellets should be placed in a pipe or under a slate inaccessible to hedgehogs. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Hedgehogs are wonderful creatures that inhabit our gardens in the UK, and there are many friendly facts about hedgehog for kids that you might like to know. The hedgehog will treat this as a welcome supplement to its normal diet and will not go hungry if, for some reason, the food is not put out. Hedgehogs are in trouble in the UK as reports come in that fewer hedgehogs are seen every year. Scientific name: Erinaceus Hedgehogs are nocturnal and only come out at night. *These books may be ordered from the British Hedgehog Preservation Society. Hedgehogs are the only British mammal with spikes. Hedgehog Awareness Week 5th – 11th May, 2019, © Copyright - The British Hedgehog Preservation Society -, Registered Charity Number 1164542 (formerly 326885). If you want to attract wildlife to your garden ensure there is easy access for them, leave wild areas and avoid ‘tidying up’ too much. I would like a hedgehog for my garden – where can I get one? Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Family name: Erinaceidae These are absent from the face, chest, belly, throat and legs which are covered with a coarse, grey-brown fur. Juveniles are known as hoglets. Hedgehogs are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act in Britain and may not be trapped without a licence. It can grow to be around six to nine inches long. A small ramp or slope in one corner of the pit enables the trapped animals to walk out – see BHPS leaflet ‘Ramps’. Hedgies have poor eyesight, but excellent senses of smell and hearing. Hedgehogs can roll into a ball and the spines will protect them from predators, except badgers and the occasional dog. Bean trenches, footings, fencing holes and car inspection pits are all potential death traps for hedgehogs. A wild hedgehog lifespan can last up to 4 – 7 years for the larger ones, some with the abundance of food and good climates, they are able to live up to a good 16 years. Once the hedgehog has reached 600-800gms (1lb6oz-1lb13oz) release can be considered if the weather is stable and the site suitable. The hedgehog is known as ‘the gardener’s friend’ as it will eat slugs, beetles, caterpillars etc., and does no harm, so if you have a garden a hedgehog is to be encouraged. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Call the BHPS for further advice on 01584 890801 and a copy of the leaflet ‘Autumn Juveniles’. Hoglets normally weigh between 120g to 150g when weaned and must reach 600g by autumn to survive hibernation. For care of very young hoglets offer warmth as above and seek advice quickly. A hedgehog is a very active animal. Threats to the Hedgehog. Hedgehogs are certainly noisy eaters as people. […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 5th – 11th May 2019 […], Hedgehog Street – Hedgehog Ecology and Land Management. These are an attractive nest as well as a home for the invertebrates (slugs, beetles) that hedgehogs like to eat. However, many householders put out a saucer of meat based pet food for their garden friends. The African pygmy hedgehog is a wild animal that - despite their small size - has a wide range of needs that must be met in order for the animal to be healthy and happy. What many people do not know is that a hedgehog has a small tail. They like to nest under things (e.g. Cumbria Wildlife Trust does not take in injured animals, click the button below to find out what to do next to help a hedgehog in need of care. It’s time for the lowdown on one of our planet’s cutest critters! A more recent estimate in 1995, of 1,550,000 in Great Britain (England 1,100,000, Scotland 310,000, Wales 140,000), is more reliable. If you see a hedgehog out during the middle of the day, there’s something wrong and it will need picking up straight away - see our ' Found a hedgehog ' page. Explore more than 35 'Hedgehog Facts' resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on 'Hibernation' Legs can also be caught in the gaps between logs in rolls of log edging. Hedgehogs are cute but they need to be saved-their habits are being destroyed. So, we acted fast. Cat and dog treatments are far too strong to use on hedgehogs. […], Do robotic lawn mowers harm hedgehogs? When they are born (there can be up to seven in a litter) their spines are soft and short. Did you know? 1. Did you know hedgehogs are nocturnal? This photo was taken at night using … We have launched a new petition calling on the […], The inclusion, today, of the hedgehog in the Red List for British Mammals is not a surprise for us at the British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS). In Britain it is found almost everywhere except some of the Scottish Islands, but tends to be scarce or absent from wet areas and pine forests. The snuffling noises they make as they search for their food in hedgerows gave hedgehogs their name. We look after, restore and campaign for habitats where wildlife can find a safe home. The hedgehogs then lick their spines, spreading the saliva with the plant”s poison all over the spikes. A recommended diet is listed under ‘Caring for Autumn Juveniles’. They are not considered to be endangered, although numbers are in decline due to habitat loss. At the risk of disappointing some people, it is worth mentioning the fact that hedgehogs tend to ‘do the rounds’ and visit several gardens within an area. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. THEY ARE VERY INTRESTING FACT .I LOVE THIS WEBSITE. Ten or more different individuals may visit a garden over several nights, which could mean that ‘your hedgehog’ is in fact a number of different individuals visiting at different times. Do keep dogs under control if you know you have hedgehogs in the garden. Body length: 14cm – 30cm This sad state of our hedgehogs was revealed by our own mammal surveys and supported by the findings of other wildlife organisations in the State of Britain’s Hedgehogs report. Round, brown and famously covered in spines, the hedgehog is the UK’s most familiar wild animal. BHPS announces partnership with Bovis Homes to help hedgehogs. He will require a large cage even though he is small. The Latin word for hedgehogs is Erinaceus and our own British hedgehog is scientifically known as Erinaceus europaeus; it is the same species that occurs throughout most of the continent of Europe. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Hedgehogs are insectivor… There is now evidence that numbers have been declining since then. There are approximately 5,000/7,000 spines on an average adult hedgehog. By that time, their eyes are open, their spines are effective and they can safely follow their mother outside the nest as she looks for food. Shakespeare mentions hedgehogs in ‘The Tempest’ and ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’ and he refers to ‘hedgepigs’ and ‘urchins’. This diagram shows that beetles are a major food item along with caterpillars and earthworms. We can make big differences in our gardens through doing simple things. Alternatively a piece of chicken wire can be hung over the edge like a scrambling net which hedgehogs can climb up to freedom. Learn all about one of Australia’s most amazing animals with our kangaroo facts, Discover more about these adorable small mammals…. It will never sleep or hibernate outside a nest. In fact, their eyesight is often so poor that they need to rely on their smell and hearing. The absolute minimum weight to see them through the winter is 450gms (1lb) and any hedgehog below this weight will have problems. Top speed: 9.5km/h bursts Dead slugs must be removed daily. Removal of these ticks is a difficult task but can be accomplished by using a tick remover. Hedgehogs have a rather rounded body covered in short, dark, yellow-tipped spines, and a short tail. The Latin name for the European hedgehog is Erinaceus europaeus. When replacing or installing walls or fencing try to provide a hole so hedgehogs can continue to pass from your garden into your neighbours garden without difficulty. Hedgehogs are well established in our urban habitat and can, somewhat surprisingly, survive very well in our cities, making extremely good use of cemeteries, railway land, wasteland and both public and private gardens. The west European hedgehog (scientific name Erinaceus europaeus) is one of about 17 hedgehog species worldwide and unmistakable as Britain’s only spiny mammal. This will prevent hedgehogs reaching in them and tearing the bag. They can become trapped in the rubbish or even put out for refuse collection. Make a hedgehog a home Leave areas of the garden 'wild', with piles of leaf litter and logs. Hedgehogs are one of the UK’s best-loved mammals and spend much of their lives asleep. Garden ponds / Swimming pools – can be death traps to small mammals. These prickly critters rely on hedgerows and woodland edges for food and shelter. Hedgehogs may give birth to their hoglets late in the year. Spines. Hedgehogs have about 5,000 spikes each. Babies stay in the nest until they”re about three weeks old. Classification: Mammal I have one who comes every night to feed. Work by the BTO has underpinned a new report on ‘ The state of Britain’s hedgehogs 2011 The state of Britain’s hedgehogs 2011 (PDF, 513.00 KB) ’ just published by The People’s Trust for Endangered Species (PTES) and British Hedgehog Preservation Society (BHPS). Websites by barringtonprint    Design | Print | Web    Leominster, Herefordshire. Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years The use of information and the reproduction of illustrations from *The New Hedgehog Book’, (Whittet Books, £12.99) by Dr. Pat Morris is gratefully acknowledged. Hedgehogs can swim and climb. Hedgehogs have excellent senses of smell and hearing, but very poor eyesight. The hedgehog’s back and sides are covered in 25 mm (1”) long spines (which are really modified hairs). youngsters found alone and under this critical weight after the end of September will need extra help, even if just additional feeding in the garden. Hedgehogs aren’t the best at spotting things with their eyes. If the hoglet is very young (under 160gms/6ozs) it should be given extra warmth, either a hot water bottle wrapped in towelling or blanket or placed on a heated pad (again call BHPS for extra advice). Many small animals including hedgehogs and birds cannot escape from sheer-sided pits beneath these grids. Always ensure that a dish of water is available especially during the summer months or in extreme weather conditions. Hedgehogs are a gardener's friend, as they eat snails, slugs and insects. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. They are also killed by foxes, pine martens, stoats and badgers. 2. sheds, hedges and brushwood) and need plenty of dry leaves to build their nest. Range: Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. Four to six years is a normal life span, but a pet hedgehog can live up to ten years. Keep pea netting 22-30cm (9-12”) off the ground so hedgehogs can pass safely underneath them and plants will grow up to the netting. They can be spotted in parks and garden where bushes provide the perfect daytime getaway! Such youngsters will not have enough time to build up sufficient fat reserves to enable them to survive hibernation. Each spine on a hedgehog's body is 2–3cm (0.75–1.25in) long. BTO is one of several organisations that has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Keep drains covered so that hedgehogs do not become stuck down them. However this is a specialised job and it is better to pass the hoglet(s) onto an experienced carer. Hoglets normally weigh between 120g to 150g when weaned and must reach 600g by autumn to survive hibernation now hedgehog! To 2kg so hedgehogs do not become stuck down them be disposed of in a lined! And famously covered in spines, spreading the saliva with the UK population possibly falling by two-thirds in the until! 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