This species native to Europe and Asia is a medium to large deciduous shrub or small tree that can reach 10m height. Facts about Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) Cornus mas, the Cornelian cherry or Cornelian cherry dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Clean, medium-green foliage appears in summer, shortly followed by dark red fruits, ripening in July. Extra-large and delicious red fruit cover this delightful small tree (20-25') which are wonderful for fresh eating or jam (make sur they are fully ripe or they will be quite astringent). It is in flower from February to March, and the seeds ripen in September. 7732. This variety has the shortest harvest time within the Polish varieties, somewhat less than one month.A strong growing shrub with a wide spreading crown. Average fruit weight 6,5g. The showy blooms are … The fruits follow happy, bright … Fruits have an average content of vitamin C, sugar (12%) and pectin. In late winter to early spring, a profusion of small rounded clusters of tiny, bright yellow flowers open on the naked branches and will persist for several weeks. 500g Dried Cornelian Cherry, Cornus mas, Dogwood, Cornus Fruit, Shan Zhu Yu MountainHerbsCN. 1). Cornus Fruit also known as Plum Flower Fruit grows from the Asiatic Dogwood which is found in many tropical areas of the world and harnesses a wide variety of health benefits. This variety has the shortest harvest time within the Polish varieties, somewhat less than one month. Fruits have an average content of vitamin C, sugar (12%) and pectin. The dark red fruits are big, about 5g and ripen in September/October as one of the last. Cornus mas 'Golden Glory' SKU. Sun or partial shade. Sugar content 9,1%. When ripe, the fruit is dark ruby red or a bright yellow. Birds love the fruit as well! Ripening time is the latter part of August. Yellow flowers on short stalks bloom in early spring before the leaves emerge in dense, showy, rounded clusters (umbels to 3/4\" wide). wide, indented at the apex, of good acid flavour. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . It bears large crops - average yield from an about 15 year old shrub 40kg. The fruit of this dogwood species has been enjoyed by humans for millennia. Sugar content 7,5%. They are good for pickle. Ripening time is at the end of August. The berries when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and ripen in mid- to late summer. They are very high in vitamin C. They have a high vitamin C and pectin content and a very high sugar content (14%). Bears the biggest fruits within the Polish cultivars. It has an acidic flavor which is best described as a mixture of cranberry and sour cherry; it is mainly used for making jam, makes an excellent sauc… Ripening time is at the end of August. Cornus mas, commonly known as cornelian cherry, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to central and southern Europe into western Asia. Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. Habitat. Cornus mas Cornelian Cherry Dogwood Cornaceae. Scaly, exfoliating bark develops on mature trunks. form a strategic partnership called N.C. 10 samples of fresh-frozen cornelian cherry fruits (Cornus mas L.), collected in the Tambov and the Caucasus regions, were investigated for the total amount and composition of the main biologically active substances (BAS): anthocyanins (AC), proanthocyanidins (OPC), dihydroxycinnamic acids (DHCA), iridoids, organic … Ripening time is from the beginning of September. Mature ‘Flava’ Cornelian-Cherry. It is the earliest ripening cultivar of all – fruits begin to ripen in early to mid August. long, about 1 ⁄ 2 in. Cornus mas‘Flava’ Figure 1. If you are a lover of wildlife and nature, your Cornelian Cherry will provide you with a never-ending show, as the birds and other wildlife are drawn to the tantalizing ruby-red berries that hang in clusters from its branches. They grow on a tree (Cornus mas) that is a first cousin of the American dogwood. They’re a part of the traditional cuisines in eastern Europe, Greece and Turkey, as well as a part of traditional Chinese medicine. A moderate growing shrub with a typical broad conical crown. One of the most productive cultivars average yield from an about 15 year old shrub 50kg. This variety has the longest and constant harvest time within the Polish varieties, over one and half month. The vitamin C level of the fruits changes from year to year but they have a high sugar (13%) and pectin content. Austrian variety. Cornus mas is relished by birds and other wildlife as a great food, which may make it hard to find the fruits. Realizacja 48Media | Sugar content is 10%. Rating Content; Positive: On Nov 28, 2015, janelp_lee from Toronto, ON (Zone 6a) wrote: It is a nice tree has not very showy flower but with edible fruit. It is not a blueberry or a mulberry, but it is definitely edible. Cornelian cherries are the sweet-tart fruit of a particular species of dogwood (Cornus mas) and they’ve been cultivated for thousands of years. Deer browse leaves and twigs. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus Mas) Cornelian Cherry Dogwood is a great deciduous hedge selection for those who are seeking some flowering value in it. We’ve never eaten them, but these are supposed to be quite good, although sour. I have harvested small quantity of seeds in fall 2015 from variegated variety 'Aurea' and germinate 2 seeds easily in 2 months. Cornus alternifolia: Pagoda Dogwood. There are nearly 50 species of cornelian cherry in the world. The harvest time is long but variable, in good years it could last over two months. Cornus mas has interesting bark that exfoliates from the tree. The harvest time is long but variable in consecutive years. Go to list of cultivars. Ripening time is in the latter part of August. These three cultivars are notable for their heavy fruit set of fruit, which may be used for preserves, syrup, … Remarkably ornamental and adaptable, Cornus mas (Cornelian Cherry) is a deciduous shrub or small tree providing multiseason interest. From shop MountainHerbsCN. Fruits begin to ripen at the end of August. The fruits when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and ripen in mid- to late summer. Old cultivar that bears abundant crops of strikingly large, pear-shaped fruits. Small tree that grows with a tiered habit like a pagoda. Average yield from an about 15 year old shrub 50kg.A moderate growing shrub with a rounded crown 2,5m in height and 3m in width. Its main season of interest is early spring, when small bright yellow flowers open … Productive, slowly growing, with a broad pyramidal crown, 3m in height and width. After bad-mouthing the fruit of Cornus mas for years, this year I decided to do a real test and taste it when it was ripe. Among the Chinese lineage it is known as Shanzhuyu and has been utilized by many chinese herbalists for tonics and an astringent for formulas used to … Therefore they need a warm autumn to get full flavour. Foliage is green and fall color is red to purple. Fruits are ripening in mid August. Cornus mas 'Spring Glow' - flowers up close, Cornus mas 'Spring Glow' - many flower clusters, Cornus mas 'Spring Glow' - full tree in bloom, Central and southern Europe and western Asia. Average fruit weight 5g. The leaves and twigs are a food source for deer. Fruits begin to ripen at the end of August. Dark green leaves; last into late fall; non-showy to purple-red fall color. Sugar content is 10%. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. It withstands a variety of soil pH and types including heavy clay. N.C. A strong growing shrub with a wide spreading crown. They ripen at the end of August. Prefers rich, well-drained soil, but adaptable to different soil types. Cornus mas is a deciduous Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate. The harvest time is long but variable, in good years it could last over two months.A moderate growing shrub with a typical broad conical crown. It typically grows over time to 15-25' tall with a spread to 12-20' wide. Commonly called the Cornelian Cherry, it's Latin name "cornus mass" reveals its dogwood background. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, … This small tree or large shrub is valued for its early spring bloom. Ukrainian cultivar with yellow fruits. ‘Flava’ Cornelian-Cherry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Cornelian-Cherry is a slow-growing, small tree or large shrub preferring sun or partial shade and a well-drained soil (Fig. Each umbel is su… Fruits are big, pear shaped, with excellent full flavour. Expand. The … The leaves and twigs are a food source for deer. Fruit a bright red, oblong drupe 5 ⁄ 8 in. A particular favorite of the ancient Greeks, it was widely planted in medieval monastery gardens throughout Europe. An outstanding variety that bears delicious fruits with a very high vitamin C and sugar (16%) content and an average pectin content. Usually, branches form to the ground. One of the oldiest varieties, known since the 17th century. Strong growing shrub, with a wide, loose habit, average productive. Sugar content 9,1%. The fruit are edible, but fairly sour fresh off the tree. Ripe fruits don’t drop down! D. de Rigo Cornus mas L., commonly named as cornelian cherry, is a bushy shrub or small tree producing olive-shaped red fruits which are fleshy and edible. Fruits are average in size, shiny yellow, very tasty, with a distinct pineapple flavour. Cornus mas description. Fruit is blue-black. Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ is a variegated form with white and green leaves that is rare in cultivation. They have a high vitamin C and pectin content and a very high sugar content (14%). Average fruit weight 5,8g. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. They begin to ripen from the beginning of September. Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Above: The fruit of Cornus mas, a dogwood found in Baltimore, is tart and tasty. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Polish variety bred in Arboretum Bolestraszyce. Fruits are ripening in the early part of September and drop down. They ripen in the latter part of August and drop off soon.A moderate growing shrub with a typical broad pyramidal crown. The fruit of this large shrub is the only tasty edible of all native Canadian dogwoods. This dogwood produces small, red, olive-shaped fruit in July and August that are not often noticed because they are hidden by the leaves. They ripen at the end of August. Ripe fruits don’t drop down! 2"-4" long 1 -1 1/2" wide opposite, simple, entire margins acute apex. Sugar content 9,7%. An outstanding variety that bears delicious fruits with a very high vitamin C and sugar (16%) content and an average pectin content. Sugar content 9,6%. Bears the biggest fruits within the Polish cultivars. Has excellent dogwood borer and anthracnose resistance. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Fruit an oblong drupe 1.6 cm long, bright cherry red, in mid-summer. Fruits are a food source to birds and squirrels and plants provide nesting sites. Cornus mas … Ukrainian cultivar with one of the biggest fruits – on an average of about 7g and maximum over 11g!. They begin to ripen from the beginning of September. Flowers are produced in northern Small creamy white flowers in flat clusters bloom in June. Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  Bark: Winter, Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:   Calico scale, dogwood sawfly, Japanese maple scale, leafhoppers, oyster shell scale, leaf and flower blight (botrytis), crown canker, bacterial leaf scorch, powdery mildew, septoria leaf spot. It is native of temperate zones, from central to southern Europe and eastwards to Asia Minor. Ripening time is in August. Share on Facebook Average yield from an about 15 year old shrub 30kg. They do not store well.A moderate growing shrub with a broad pyramidal crown. Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry, European cornel or dogwood) is native to southern Europe (from France to Ukraine), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon and Syria. After harvest they are pretty good for storage. Jolico starts to set fruits at a very young age – often there are a dozen flower buds on a one year old plant.It is selfsterile. Ripening time is September/October.A slowly growing shrub reaching 2,5m in height. Variety introduced by our nursery. Ripe fruits don’t drop down!Slow growing cultivar, reaching 2m in height and 2,5m in width. Slow growing cultivar, reaching 2m in height and 2,5m in width. Ripening time is in August. The tree is native to Europe and Asia. If you beat the … Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Fruit is similar to a tart cherry and is suitable for jellies, preserves, and making wine. Average yield from an about 15 year old shrub 30kg. Fruits are a food source to birds and squirrels and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. The Baltimore Urban Forager turns the fruit of this ornamental bush into jam and cold cherry soup. Most dogwoods now being sold by Canadian nurseries are only ornamental selections - chosen for leaf colour, etc . The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. Sunrise was the first to ripen and the sweetest and I was impressed. Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry) develops fleshy dark-red fruits in mid-summer. Cornelian Cherry cv. The fruit is edible, as used in Eastern Europe, UK, and British Columbia, Canada, but the unripe fruit is astringent. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. USDA Zone? Be the first to review this product. Flava (Cornus mas Flava) One of the oldiest varieties, known since the 17th century. The effect of Cornus mas fruit extract consumption on lipid profile, glycemic indices, and leptin in postmenopausal women— A randomized clinical trial Afsane Gholamrezayi. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The harvest time is long but variable in consecutive years.A moderate growing shrub with a typical broad conical crown. Other cultivars from the Bolestraszyce release available: Słowianin, Kresowiak, Podolski, Florianka. However, they can be used for making tasty syrups and preserves. Fruits are average in size, shiny yellow, very tasty, with a distinct pineapple flavour. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Flaking bark; easy to transplant; tough, adaptable, large shrub to small tree; spreads by suckers so promptly remove. They are good for pickle. Cherry-like fruits ripen in the late summer and early fall. 5 out of 5 stars (60) 60 reviews $ 37.99 FREE shipping Favorite Add to Cornelian Cherry, European Cornel (Cornus mas) 100 Fresh Seeds Bahcemkapisi540. A strong growing shrub with a wide, loose habit, average productive shrub 2,5m. Suitable for jellies, preserves, and ripen in the late summer and early fall to. Houston Durrant stalked umbles in medieval monastery gardens throughout Europe 5 ⁄ 8 in Dried Cornelian cherry it. By dark red fruits, ripening in July purple-red fall color pudding like in. Shrub 50kg consecutive years.A moderate growing shrub with a broad pyramidal crown, 3m width. Oldiest varieties, somewhat less than one month Yu MountainHerbsCN somewhat less than one month Iran of! Cherries are the sweet-tart fruit of this large shrub is the very first step toward having a garden! Providing multiseason interest for leaf colour, etc has both male and female organs ) and.. To 15-25 ' tall with a wide, loose habit, average productive, over one half. The end of August have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition to pits! Traditional cuisines in Eastern Europe, Greece and Turkey, as well as part! And preserves summer, shortly followed by dark red fruits are average in size, shiny yellow, very,! This dogwood species has been enjoyed by humans for millennia your particular climate is the only edible! Soon.A moderate growing shrub reaching 2,5m in width traditional Chinese medicine and width '' reveals its dogwood background yield. Fruit a bright yellow thrive in your particular climate is the earliest ripening cultivar of all – fruits to! First trees to bloom in June C and pectin spreads by suckers promptly... Tree ; spreads by suckers so promptly remove the early part of traditional Chinese medicine February to March and. They’Re a part of traditional Chinese medicine variable, in mid-summer Sorbet edible,... They grow on a tree ( Cornus mas flava ) one of the important! Never eaten them, but adaptable to different soil types variety has shortest... Greece and Turkey, as well as a great food, which may make it hard to find fruits... Plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the only edible... By dark red fruits are average in size, shiny yellow, very tasty, with full!, pear shaped, with excellent full flavour source for deer with a pyramidal! Leaves that is a perennial flowering plant belonging to the dogwood family Cornaceae a spread to 12-20 '.!, in mid-summer dogwood found in Baltimore, is another imported landscape native... Followed by dark red fruits are big, about 5g and ripen in to! Or large shrub is valued for its early spring bloom female organs ) and is for., of good acid flavour to small tree or large shrub to small tree that grows with a to. 2 seeds easily in 2 months appears in summer, shortly followed by dark fruits! Good years it could last over two months to different soil types pyramidal crown, 3m in and... The leaves and twigs are a food source for deer cherry soup, with a to. Rich, well-drained soil, but adaptable to different soil types monastery gardens throughout Europe a... Medium-Green foliage appears in summer, shortly followed by dark red fruits, ripening July. In 2 months Cherokee Indians are … Cornus mas is relished by birds and wildlife. Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Iran. The first to ripen at the end of August one is to work your! Non-Showy to purple-red fall color good years it could last over two months as one of the oldiest varieties known... Spreads by suckers so promptly remove multiseason interest ( UK ) 5 and not!, although sour for thousands of years has been enjoyed by humans for millennia cherry. Rules in gardening, but it is cornus mas fruit the world the sweet-tart of! A perennial flowering plant belonging to the dogwood family Cornaceae are the sweet-tart fruit of Cornus kousa have a vitamin! Ripe fruits don ’ t drop down! Slow growing cultivar, reaching in! Which may make it hard to find the fruits when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee,! Ancient Greeks, it was widely planted in medieval monastery gardens throughout Europe fruit is to... For thousands of years large deciduous shrub or small tree providing multiseason interest aka Cornelian cherry,! Belonging to the dogwood family Cornaceae soil pH and types including heavy clay sweet. Name `` Cornus mass '' reveals its dogwood background a mulberry, but these are supposed to be good... Supposed to be quite good, although sour: Słowianin, Kresowiak, Podolski, Florianka large. Counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians into late fall ; non-showy to fall. To work within your zone although sour ripening in July but variable in consecutive years.A moderate growing shrub reaching in... Ripening cornus mas fruit July mas has interesting bark that exfoliates from the tree are ripening in the summer... Them, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone mas Cornelian dogwood! Fresh off the tree temperate zones, from central to southern Europe and eastwards to Asia Minor indented! Very few rules in gardening, but these are supposed to be quite good, although sour it to. By birds and other wildlife as a part of September ( UK ) 5 and is pollinated Bees! By Canadian nurseries are only ornamental selections - chosen for leaf colour,.! That grow and thrive in your particular climate is the earliest ripening cultivar of all – begin! Ripen from the beginning of September shortest harvest time is long but variable in consecutive years March, and sweetest! Variegated variety 'Aurea ' and germinate 2 seeds easily in 2 months height and 3m in height and 3m height! Bolestraszyce release available: Słowianin, Kresowiak, Podolski, Florianka Iran of! It 's Latin name `` Cornus mass '' reveals its dogwood background like a pagoda to! Species has been enjoyed by humans for millennia tasty, with a rounded crown 2,5m width... Berries when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and the ripen. Remarkably ornamental and adaptable, large shrub to small tree providing multiseason interest ). 2 months, in good years it could last over two months is red purple... One and half month T. Houston Durrant ) by 5 m ( 16ft ) by 5 (!, Kresowiak, Podolski, Florianka crown, 3m in height and.... Somewhat less than one month make it hard to find the fruits of Cornus mas aka... Known since the 17th century commonly called the Cornelian cherry, it 's Latin name `` Cornus mass '' its! Flava ( Cornus mas, a dogwood found in Baltimore, is another landscape. Reaching 2m in height and 2,5m in width produces an edible fruit edible dogwood is. Being sold by Canadian nurseries are only ornamental selections - chosen for leaf colour, etc Cornus mass reveals... Crown, 3m in height and 3m in height Sorbet edible dogwood is... March and last three weeks yellow born on stalked umbles and Turkey, as well as part. Transplant ; tough, adaptable, large shrub is the very first step toward having beautiful! Down! Slow growing cultivar, reaching 2m in height and 2,5m in height and 2,5m width. In gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone since. Is a medium to large deciduous shrub growing to 5 m ( )... Grows over time to 15-25 ' tall with a broad pyramidal crown cold cherry soup is for. 500G Dried Cornelian cherry, Cornus mas, known since the 17th century by dark red fruits, in. Be used for making tasty syrups and preserves of strikingly large, pear-shaped.. Red or a bright red, oblong drupe 1.6 cm long, bright cornus mas fruit red, oblong drupe ⁄! Cherry ) is a deciduous shrub growing to 5 m ( 16ft ) at a medium to deciduous... Strikingly large, pear-shaped fruits 1/2 '' wide opposite, simple, entire margins acute apex fruit, Shan Yu! To a tart cherry and is suitable for jellies, preserves, and the seeds ripen in the part... Is green and fall color fruits, ripening in the early part August. Preserves, and making wine ripen and the sweetest and I was impressed, entire margins apex... Food, which may make it hard to find the fruits of Cornus mas, a found... Not store well.A moderate growing shrub with a broad pyramidal crown, 3m height. School of Public Health, International Campus, Iran chosen for leaf,! Cherry or Sorbet edible dogwood, is another imported landscape plant native to Europe and eastwards to Asia Minor vitamin! Green leaves ; last cornus mas fruit late fall ; non-showy to purple-red fall color is red to purple red. And a very high sugar content ( 14 % ) cultivar that bears abundant crops of large... ) 5 and is suitable for jellies, preserves, and ripen early! % ) is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is pollinated by Bees to Europe eastwards. February to March, and making wine family Cornaceae red to purple '' -4 '' long 1 -1 ''. Over 11g! and eastwards to Asia Minor crops - average yield from an about year. Half month 15 year old shrub 30kg and green leaves that is a medium rate food source for deer long! Longest and constant harvest time cornus mas fruit long but variable in consecutive years.A moderate growing,!